Land Resources

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Land resources

According to the statistics released by the Yueyang Municipal Land and Resources Department in the 1990s, Yueyang Tower District covers a total land area of 260,551.379 mu (approximately 17,370.09 ha). With a total area of 111,636.261 mu (approximately 7,442.42 ha), the agricultural land comprises of 39,078.11 mu (approximately 2,605.21 ha) of cultivated land, 9,560.093 mu (approximately 637.34 ha) of garden land, 42,635.324 mu (approximately 2,842.35 ha) of forests and 20,362.734 (approximately 1,357.51 ha) of land used for other purposes. The built-up land covers 1,157.817 mu (approximately 77.19 ha), including 106,124.934 mu (approximately 7,074.99 ha) for residential and industrial purposes, 4,865.136 mu (approximately 324.34 ha) for transportation and 4,721.747 mu (approximately 314.78 ha) for water conservancy facilities. The unutilized land (that is not arable, including riffle area, river bank and desert) covers an area of 33,203.301 mu (approximately 2,213.55 ha).


Mineral resources

Yueyang Tower District is rich in such mineral resources as vanadium, stone coal, uranium, gold, siliceous rocks, sandstone, sand gravel, violet sand earthenware clay, brick clay and groundwater. The total potential value created by the mineral resources in the district hit 2.364 billion yuan, with about 137 million yuan per square kilometer and 5,400 yuan per capita.


Water resources

Yueyang ranks top among Hunan province in terms of the total amount of water resources. The city covers a water surface area of 361 thousand hectares. The annual precipitation runoff is 9.521 billion cubic meters and the multi-year average transit volume of water resources is 638.179 billion cubic meters. The amount of exploitable groundwater stands at 13.16 billion cubic meters. A total of 660.86 billion cubic meters of water resources can be used across the city, with the availability of 2,305 cubic meters per capita. A regular annual water consumption totals 3.2 billion cubic meters, of which 257 million cubic meters for domestic use, 1.952 billion cubic meters for agricultural use, 941.7 million cubic meters for industrial use and 50 million cubic meters for ecological use.


Forest resources

Yueyang Tower District is situated in the northern part of mid-subtropical evergreen broad-leaf forest zone. With a wide range of plant species, 80 families and nearly 200 species are identified. Main species of arbor are pinus massoniana, pinus elliottii and taxus chinensis of pine family, China fir of taxodium family, camphor tree of laurel family, white oak, german oak, castanopsis sclerophylla schott and chestnut of fagaceae family as well as peach trees, plum trees, tangerine trees and mulberry trees. Shrubs are mainly of Loropetalum chinense of witch-hazel family, azalea of cuculidae family, raspberry and hawthorn of rose family and gaultheria of holly family.


Biological resources

Yueyang Tower District is located in the east of Dongting Lake, covering part of the east Dongting Lake National Wetland Nature Reserve and therefore boasting abundant wild animal resources. The wild animals in the district can be divided into 30 orders, 69 families and 110 species. There are 11 categories of animals under the first-class state protection like the white crane and hooded crane, 28 sorts of animals included in the second-class and 53 types of animals belonging to the third-class. Yueyang covers 60% of Dongting Lake's water surface area and East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve is among China's first batch of Wetlands of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention. In the district, there are 7 species of birds under first-class state protection and 37 species under second-class state protection. There are 2 species of fish under first-class state protection and 2 species under second-class state protection. The number of species of aquatic mammals under national key protection, first-class state protection and second-class state protection is 2, 3 and 31 respectively.


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